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Image of a landscape in Guyana

A Window Into Guyana

Explore Guyana in this post...

A gem of South America, Guyana, stuns with its natural beauty. Nestled between Venezuela and Suriname, this unique country has a colonial past, which has led to it being the only English-speaking nation in South America. While geographically South American, Guyana is historically and culturally connected to the Caribbean.

With 90% of the population living on the coast, the vast interior remains a largely untouched paradise teeming with life and breathtaking landscapes. For tourists, Guyana offers a transformative travel experience: conservation travel. This goes beyond simple ecotourism. Here, it's a collaborative effort – visitors, local communities, and leaders working together. This "SAVE" (Scientific, Academic, Volunteer, and Educational) approach fosters deeper connections with nature and culture, to have a more positive impact on both the environment and the Guyanese people. Craving knowledge, cultural immersion, and a chance to make a difference? Guyana might be your perfect adventure. Prepare to explore and learn about this remarkable country.

Guyana, Land of Many Waters

Size: 214,970 sq km

Official Language: English

Population: 810,900

National Dish: Pepperpot

Capital City: Georgetown

National Bird: The Hoatzin

Independence Day: 26th May (1966)

National Flower: Victoria regia lily (victoria amazonica)

Guyana Map & Flag

Guyana Map
Guyana  Flag

Guyana on a map sits on the northern edge of South America, bordering the Atlantic Ocean to the north. It's wedged between Suriname to the east, Brazil to the south and southwest, and Venezuela to the west.

Guyana's flag, the Golden Arrowhead, uses 5 colors. Green symbolizes agriculture and forests, white represents rivers,gold represents mineral wealth, black shows strength, and red signifies nation-building zeal.

Guyana Landscape & Geography

Guyana's landscape is a stunning mix of ecosystems. Bordering the Atlantic Ocean, it boasts miles of golden savannahs, lush, virgin rainforests that dominate the country's centre, and hilly sand and clay regions. Along the coast lives 90% of Guyana's population, leaving the lush interior untouched.

The interior of the country features forested highlands that rise majestically, with the Pakaraima Mountains guarding the western border. Mount Roraima, Guyana's highest peak, pierces the clouds at a staggering 2,762 metres. Eco-lodges and indigenous villages lie hidden amongst the dense rainforests. The Kaieteur Plateau, home to the world's tallest single-drop waterfall – Kaieteur Falls – sits on the southern edge of the Pakaraimas. Further south, the Kanuku Mountains and Acarai Mountains greet you on the southern edge before giving way to the sprawling Rupununi Savannah. Remarkably, over 80% of Guyana's primary rainforest remains untouched, creating a haven for diverse wildlife, from the majestic Harpy Eagle to the fascinating Hoatzin, Guyana's national bird and a close relative of the first known bird, the Archaeopteryx.

Guyana Culture

Guyana's cultural landscape can be described as a mix of Caribbean culture and Indigenous roots. This rich blend reflects the country's diverse population – a mix of East Indians, Africans, Chinese, Portuguese, and Amerindian groups. Nine Indigenous Peoples call Guyana home, and their warm hospitality is experienced in community-run ecolodges. Here, visitors can share traditions and gain knowledge directly from these communities, helping them to preserve their heritage and way of life while providing economic benefits. These groups have been stewards of the country’s megadiversity for millennia, so there is a lot to be learnt.

Exploring Guyana's heritage is like flipping through a captivating history book. The architecture alone offers a window into the country’s past and present. The National Trust carefully preserves these historical sites.

The Guyanese way of life is known for its relaxed, Caribbean vibe along the coast. Travel south, however, and the influence of neighbouring Brazil becomes clear.

Although English is the official language, creole is the most spoken language in Guyana, along with separate dialects of the Indigenous People and pockets of Portuguese spoken near the Brazilian border.

Guyana Carnival, Festivals & Events

Guyana's diverse culture comes alive through festivals and events:

Guyana Cricket Carnival


The Cricket Carnival is a lively two-week event organised by the government and local private sector. The event offers a chance to discover the very best of Guyana whilst celebrating cricket and promoting tourism.

Find more events on the Guyana Tourism events calendar.

Guyana Food

Guyana's fertile land and tropical climate create a paradise for foodies. Fresh vegetables, exotic fruits, grains, free-range meats, and a diversity of fish help to create a cuisine that is as diverse as the country itself. Guyanese cuisine is inspired by the Indigenous Peoples, who have always lived off the abundance of the land. Over time, influences from East Indians, Africans, the Chinese, and European colonial occupiers have all been woven into the culinary mix, as well as influences from neighbouring Caribbean nations.

A person preparing food in Guyana
Photo by Bonnie Kittle on Unsplash

The national dish is Pepperpot, a slow-cooked stew flavoured with spices and cassareep, a thick and aromatic syrup made from the juice of cassava. It's traditionally served with homemade bread or cassava bread, another traditional Indigenous dish.

Things To Do in Guyana

There is plenty to do in Guyana. From hikes and treks, to mountain biking and paddling excursions suited for all levels of fitness.

Explore Guyana’s mountains, rainforests and golden savannahs on an adventurous hike or trek. For experienced hikers, the challenging Makarapan Mountain or Kaieteur Overland Tour are great options. If you prefer something easier, consider the Iwokrama Forest Trail, Surama Nature Hike, or Saddle Mountain Trail.

Go on an adventure safari in Guyana and get a glimpse into the local life in remote areas of Guyana.Annual safari events explore rugged regions over days or weeks, with stops at Indigenous villages, riverside camps, and eco-lodges.

Embark on a river adventure along the many waterways that crisscross Guyana, perfect for canoeing, kayaking, and river trips - a great activity for the most adventurous travellers!

Image of wildlife  in Guyana
Photo by Bonnie Kittle on Unsplash

Explore the ‘Wild West’ of Guyana by staying at a working ranch in the South Rupununi region. This historic area boasts some of the world's largest and oldest cattle ranches and is home to a rich vaquero (cowboy) culture and traditions that still thrive today. Guests who stay at one of the working ranches can experience the cowboy lifestyle by saddling up and helping the vaqueros herd cattle from horseback, as well as cleaning and feeding the animals, and working on the adjacent farms.

Guyana, known as the 'Land of Many Waters', is a great destination for fishing enthusiasts who want to experience the thrill of catching the world’s largest fish. With over 900 species of fish, including the largest-scaled freshwater fish in the world - the arapaima, Guyana offers a wide range of fish to catch. Other fish include the payara, pacu, tarpon, bashu, chimara and lukanani. However, it's important to note that most of these fish, especially the protected ones, are strictly “catch and release” in Guyana.

Go on an unforgettable bird-watching trip in Guyana. The country is home to an array of tropical birds, making it a special highlight for bird lovers. There are numerous locations and trails in the country that are suitable for birdwatchers. It is recommended to stay at one of the birding and wildlife lodges to see the country's diverse range of birds.

Find local handicraft souvenirs at Hibiscus Plaza. Hibiscus Plaza is a street market in the heart of the city. Cosy shops are packed with hand-made leather, cane, balata, and cloth goods.

See the tallest single-drop waterfall in the world! Fly to Kaieteur National Park from Georgetown in a small aircraft. Then, take a guided walk from the information centre to the three viewing points of the falls - Rainbow, Boy Scout, and Johnson. Each viewpoint offers a unique perspective of the falls. For those seeking more adventure, Kaieteur Falls can also be reached by an overland trek.

Your Guyana

While I poured over travel guides & researched online to craft this post, nothing compares to hearing about the Caribbean nation straight from those who've been there.

Since I haven't had the privilege of visiting Guyana, I am reaching out to you!

How to share your Guyana...

We want to hear about YOUR Guyana. Have you been to Guyana recently? Or do you have an experience or recommendation that you’d love to share with the community? Whatever your Guyana moment is, we want to share it! Here's how:

Dig up that photo: We want to see Guyana through your eyes. Unearth your favourite snapshot, the one that brings back the Guyana magic.

Craft your story: In just 1-2 sentences, tell us what made this experience your highlight. Share the essence of your island moment.

Simply fill in this form to get involved. Your submission might be featured in this blog post or on our social media channels, inspiring others to discover the wonder of Guyana.

Sources and Further Reading

This article is a result of my interest and fascination with the nation of Guyana and my love for the Caribbean region. I have gathered information through research both online and in books to compile this blog post to share what I've discovered with you. However, I'm only human, and I may have missed something in my research, so if you happen to come across any information that appears to be incorrect or outdated, please do let me know by sending an email to Your input will be much appreciated and will help us improve this blog post for everyone's benefit.

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